Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)


The Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) is the only governmental research and development institute of the Finnish Ministry of Environment. SYKE's research assesses environmental problems from a multi-disciplinary perspective, by integrating socio-economic considerations into biophysical research. Research focuses both on global environmental issues, such as climate change and declining biodiversity, as well as on regional and local issues. SYKE also provides expert assistance on a wide range of environmental issues for administrators, local authorities, industries, firms and other organisations. SYKE closely monitors environmental trends and the state of the Finnish environment in co-operation with the regional environmental administration, serving as the national centre for environmental data in Finland. These data are widely used for environmental monitoring, modelling, forecasting and impact analysis. The research team are all members of SYKE's Climate Change Research Programme, which undertakes research and assessment in support of Finnish climate policy.



  • Co-ordination of FINADAPT, a national multi-sectoral project, which contributed to the National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy in 2005, the first in the world
  • Co-ordination of A-LA-CARTE, an ongoing project focusing on limits to adaptation and methods of enhancing resilience for agrifood systems and biodiversity in Finland
  • Climate change vulnerability assessment, mapping and demographic modelling – Finnish focus (health and recreation sectors) and Nordic region (health, and agriculture)
  • Involved in the international group developing the RCP/SSP scenario framework (ICONICS)


  • Contribution to the IPCC through Lead Authorship, review, and support for the Finnish government review process and dissemination activities for Working Group II
  • Part of the European Topic Centre on climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation
  • Contributed to the PROVIA Guidance on Assessing Vulnerability, Impacts and Adaptation

Networking and Dissemination:

  • One of three partners responsible for a national climate change portal:
  • Co-organised the 2012 2nd Nordic International Conference on Climate Change Adaptation


  • Co-leader: WP3 on Advancing Climate Change Impact, Adaptation and Vulnerability methods and models
  • Leader: Global case study
  • Responsible for devising protocols for the development of impact response surfaces (IRSs) at different scales and combining them with probabilistic projections of climate and socio-economic drivers (WP3)
  • Contribute to the design of climate projections and specification of RCP/SSP scenarios framework at global and continental scales (WP2)
  • Probabilistic analysis of demographic projections (WP2 and WP3)
  • Contribute to all other Work Packages (WP1, 4, 5, 6 and 7)


  • Related past/ongoing European Commission projects: ALARM, ATEAM, BASE, CIRCLE, CLIP-C, ENSEMBLES, MEDIATION, PRUDENCE
  • European Joint Programming Initiative: MACSUR
  • Nordic projects: CARAVAN, PALSALARM


Timothy Carter

Research Professor, based at  SYKE since 1999

Training: Geography
Over 30 years experience of climate change research  in UK, Austria and Finland
IPCC: Lead Author in five Assessments;  Co-chair of Task Group on scenarios
Research interests include: climate change impacts, scenario analysis and assessment methods
3 books; over 110 refereed articles and reports

Stefan Fronzek

Senior Researcher, based at SYKE since 2001

Training: Systems Science and Environmental Science
PhD thesis: Climate change and the future distribution of palsa mires (University of Helsinki, 2013)
Experience: Research in Finland, Germany and UK
Research interests include: scenario development, permafrost, impacts and adaptation modelling, GIS
Over 30 refereed articles and reports

Nina Pirttioja

Researcher, based at SYKE since 2009

Training: Geography and Information Technology
PhD student in the Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, University of Helsinki
Research interests include: climate change impact modelling, uncertainty analysis, grid-based mapping

Emma Terämä

Senior Researcher at SYKE and Visiting Researcher at University College London

Training: Physics, Chemistry and Biology
DSc from Helsinki University of Technology (2007)
Experience: Research in Finland, Austria, Germany, Netherlands, UK and USA
Research interests include: population-environment interactions and policy impact, demographic modelling, socio-economic scenario analysis

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